List of Rare Disease Information

Treatments may be provided by an organized health care system, or informally, by the patient or family members. Primary immune deficiency diseases are rare, genetic disorders that impair the immune system. Without a functional immune response, people with PIDDs may be subject to chronic, debilitating infections which can increase the risk of developing cancer.

Most religions grant exceptions from religious duties to people who are sick. For example, one whose life would be endangered by fasting on Yom Kippur or during Ramadan is exempted from the requirement, or even forbidden from participating. For example, ill health is the only socially acceptable reason for an American to refuse an invitation to the White House. When the cause of a disease is poorly understood, societies tend to mythologize the disease or use it as a metaphor or symbol of whatever that culture considers evil. Classical classification of human disease derives from the observational correlation between pathological analysis and clinical syndromes. A chief difficulty in nosology is that diseases often cannot be defined and classified clearly, especially when cause or pathogenesis are unknown.

MedTerms medical conditions is the medical terminology for Our doctors define difficult medical language in easy-to-understand explanations of over 19,000 medical terms. MedTerms online medical dictionary provides quick access to hard-to-spell and often misspelled medical definitions through an extensive alphabetical listing. Occur along with green or brown nasal drainage and sinus pain over the cheeks or around the eyes. Although it may seem that your head is pounding for no reason, there is always an explanation for pain. Do not eat solid food if you have signs of dehydration (thirst, light-headed, dark urine).

More than 40% of New York adults suffer from a chronic disease, and chronic diseases are responsible for 23% of all hospitalizations in New York State. Six out of every 10 deaths in New York State are caused by chronic diseases. Heart disease and cancer account for over half of all deaths in New York State. In an infectious disease, the incubation period is the time between infection and the appearance of symptoms.

EBV is usually in the body days before an infected person develops symptoms. Surprisingly, 80-95% of adults in the US have been infected by the time they’re 40, but only about 20% know they’ve had mono. UHS offers flu shots to Princeton students at a reduced cost every fall.

A vaccine to prevent malaria is available; however, its variable efficacy underscores the need for new interventions. Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease transmitted by the bites of infected sand flies. It is found in nearly 88 countries, from rain forests in Central and South America to deserts in the Middle East and west Asia. Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease that can infect both men and women. Caused by the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacterium, gonorrhea can cause infections in the genitals, rectum and throat.

NORD is not a medical provider or health care facility and thus can neither diagnose any disease or disorder nor endorse or recommend any specific medical treatments. Medical therapies or treatments are efforts to cure or improve a disease or other health problems. Among psychologists, the term may refer specifically to psychotherapy or “”talk therapy””. Common treatments include medications, surgery, medical devices, and self-care.

Mayo Clinic’s highly specialized heart experts diagnose and treat more than 200 heart conditions, including many rare and complex disorders, providing the most appropriate care for you. Humans, other animals, and plants are all susceptible to diseases of some sort. However, that which disrupts the normal functioning of one type of organism may have no effect on the other types. A cluster headache affects a specific point of the head, often the eye, and is characterized by sharp, piercing pain.

In humans, disease is often used more broadly to refer to any condition that causes pain, dysfunction, distress, social problems, or death to the person affected, or similar problems for those in contact with the person. Diseases can affect people not only physically, but also mentally, as contracting and living with a disease can alter the affected person’s perspective on life. Only some diseases such as influenza are contagious and commonly believed infectious. The microorganisms that cause these diseases are known as pathogens and include varieties of bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and fungi. Infectious diseases can be transmitted, e.g. by hand-to-mouth contact with infectious material on surfaces, by bites of insects or other carriers of the disease, and from contaminated water or food , etc. In some cases, microorganisms that are not readily spread from person to person play a role, while other diseases can be prevented or ameliorated with appropriate nutrition or other lifestyle changes.

Group A streptococcal infections can range from a mild skin infection or a sore throat to severe, life-threatening conditions. Most people are familiar with strep throat, which along with minor skin infections, is the most common form of the disease. Read about symptoms, causes, treatment and prevention for over 1000 diseases, illnesses, health conditions and wellness issues. MedlinePlus health topics are regularly reviewed, and links are updated daily. Because your spleen may be swollen, it is important not to engage in contact sports which could rupture your spleen. Returning to normal activity too quickly increases your chances of relapse.

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